Janet J. Ewald
Associate Professor with Tenure
My specialty in the history of Africa has led me, in both my teaching and research, to explore how Africans participated in the major currents of world history since about 1700. My first book Soldiers, Traders, and Slaves: State Formation and Economic Transformation in the Greater Nile Valley, 1700-1885 uses oral traditions as well as written sources to reconstruct how people in a dangerous frontier zone responded to predatory empires, commercial capitalism, slave raiding, and militant Islam. The book, as well as several articles, analyzes not only how people constructed a small kingdom but also how they continually reconstructed their memories of that kingdom. Following the paths of slaves from the Nile valley led me to the shores of the Indian Ocean and beyond. I have now embarked on a second major project, "Motley Crews: Indian and African Seafarers on English Vessels in the Indian Ocean, c. 1600-1900." The project analyzes two forms of labor control--indentures and slavery--in a maritime setting. Not only Africans, but also Asians and Europeans, are the main actors; center stage is the Indian Ocean bounded by the crescent of shore from Bombay through the Arabian coast to the African Swahili coast; the action takes lace in the tumultuous centuries, especially after 1750, when a system of slavery rose and fell; Asian and African autonomy gave way to European dominance; and steam engines replaced sailing vessels on the ocean.
Ewald JJ, B. Soldiers, Traders, and Slaves: State Formation and Economic Transformation in the Greater Nile Valley, 1700-1885. University of Wisconsin Press, 1990.
Ewald, J. J. “The Nile Valley system and the Red Sea slave trade 1820-1880.” In The Economics of the Indian Ocean Slave Trade in the Nineteenth Century, 71–92, 2013. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315035383. Full Text
Ewald, Janet J. “African Bondsmen, Freedmen, and the Maritime Proletariats of the Northwestern Indian Ocean World, c1500-1900.” In INDIAN OCEAN SLAVERY IN THE AGE OF ABOLITION, edited by Robert Harms, Bernard K. Freamon, and David W. Blight, 200–222. Yale University Press, 2013.
Ewald JJ, David W. “Slave Trade: The Indian Ocean, c1750-1880.” In In Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World, Edited by Peter N. Stearns (Spring, 2008), Oxford University Press . Edit, 2008.
Ewald, J. J. “Building a State and Struggling Over Land: The Taqali Kingdom, 1750-1884".” In State, Land, Literacy, and the State in the History of Sudanic Africa, edited by Donald Crummey. Red Sea Press, 2003.
Ewald JJ, Donald. “The Turkiyya.” In The Encyclopedia of Sub-Saharan Africa, edited by John Middleton. MacMillan Press, 2003.
Ewald JJ, John. “Africa: East.” In A Historical Guide to World Slavery, edited by Seymour Drescher and Stanley Engerman, 41–46. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Ewald, J. J., and William G. Clarence-Smith. “The Economic Role of the Hadhrami Disapora in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden: 1820s to 1930.” In An Indian Ocean People: Hadhramaut and Its Disapora, 1750s-1960s, edited by William G Clarence Smith and Ulrike Freitag, 281–96. Leiden: Brill, 1997.
Ewald JJ, Ulrike. “A Moment in the Middle: Fieldwork in the Nuba Hills, 1977-1979.” In In Pursuit of History: Fieldwork in Africa, edited by Carolyn Keyes Adenaike and Jan Vansina, 94–103. Heinemann, 1996.
Ewald, J. J. “Reviews of Gopalan Balachandran, Globalizing Labour? Indian Seafarers and World Shipping, c. 1870-1945 with a response by Gopalan Balachandran.” International Journal of Maritime History 25, no. 1 (January 1, 2013): 275–314. https://doi.org/10.1177/084387141302500113. Full Text
Ewald, J. J. “Bondsmen, Freedmen, and Maritime Industrial Transport, 1840-1900.” Slavery and Abolition 31 (September 2010): 450–66.
Ewald, J. J. “Bondsmen, freedmen, and maritime industrial transportation, c.1840-1900.” Slavery and Abolition 31, no. 3 (September 1, 2010): 451–66. https://doi.org/10.1080/0144039X.2010.504531. Full Text
Ewald JJ, R. “Crossers of the Sea: Slaves and Migrants in the Western Indian Ocean, c. 1800-1900.” The American Historical Review 105 (2000): 69–91.
Ewald JJ, C. A. “African Slavery and the African Slave Trade: A Review Essay.” The American Historical Review 97 (1992): 465–85.
Ewald, J. J. “The Nile Valley System and the Red Sea Slave Trade 1820–1880.” Slavery &Amp; Abolition 9, no. 3 (December 1, 1988): 71–92. https://doi.org/10.1080/01440398808574963. Full Text
Ewald, J. “Speaking, Writing, and Authority: Explorations in and from the Kingdom of Taqali.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 30 (1988): 199–224.
Ewald, J. “Speaking, Writing, and Authority: Explorations in and from the Kingdom of Taqali.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 30, no. 2 (January 1, 1988): 200–224. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0010417500015164. Full Text
Ewald, J. J. “Foxes in the Field: An Essay on Methodology.” African Studies Review 30 (1987): 9–15.
Ewald, J. “Experience and Speculation: History and Founding Stories in the Kingdom of Taqali.” International Journal of African Historical Studies 18 (1985): 265–87. https://doi.org/10.2307/217743. Full Text